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One-pot polymerization of monolith coated stir bar for high efficient sorptive extraction of perfluoroalkyl acids from environmental water samples followed by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry detection

Yao, Xuezi, Zhou, Zhen, He, Man, Chen, Beibei, Liang, Yong, Hu, Bin
Journal of chromatography 2018 v.1553 pp. 7-15
chemical species, detection limit, ethylene glycol, high performance liquid chromatography, lakes, perfluoroalkyl acids, perfluorocarbons, polydimethylsiloxane, polymerization, sulfonates, tandem mass spectrometry, Yangtze River
In this work, poly(1-vinylimidazole-ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) (poly(VI-EDMA)) monolith coated stir bars were synthesized by one-pot polymerization, and they exhibited higher extraction efficiency and faster extraction dynamics for selected PFAAs than commercial ethylene glycol modified silicone (EG-silicone) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coated stir bars. Taking eleven PFAAs as target analytes, including C4-C12 perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs) and C6, C8 perfluoroalkane sulfonates (PFSAs), a method combining monolith-based stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) − electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ESI–MS/MS) was proposed for the determination of multiplex PFAAs in environmental water samples. Under the optimized conditions, low limits of detection (0.06–0.40 ng/L) and wide linear range (0.6–400 ng/L) were obtained for target PFAAs with. The developed method was then applied for the analysis of target PFAAs in environmental water samples, and recoveries of 80.1–117% and 80.3–122% were obtained for target PFAAs in spiked Yangtze River and East Lake water samples respectively.