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Universal retention standard for peptide separations using various modes of high-performance liquid chromatography

Klaassen, Nicole, Spicer, Victor, Krokhin, Oleg V.
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1588 pp. 163-168
high performance liquid chromatography, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, ions, models, proteomics, quality control, synthetic peptides
Peptide retention standards are widely used by chromatography specialists. They can be used for quality control of peptide separations (separation efficiency, selectivity, retention values) and for accurate concatenation of retention data from multiple acquisitions in proteomics. So far the repertoire of available retention standards is mostly limited to reversed-phase separations. We introduce a synthetic peptide mixture which can be used in conjunction with the most popular peptide separation techniques: reversed-phase (RPLC), strong-cation exchange (SCX), (strong-anion exchange) SAX and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC). Target sequences were first designed in-silico using Sequence-Specific Retention Calculator models covering all major peptide separation mechanisms. Peptides were also designed while keeping in mind the simplicity of retention time assignment using MS detection: they all have nearly identical masses and identical intense y3 fragment ions. This contribution demonstrates the application of this mixture for characterization of eight HILIC as well as SAX, SCX and C18 columns.