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Preparation of Au nanoparticles on a magnetically responsive support via pyrolysis of a Prussian blue composite

Ren, Baiyu, Kandjani, Ahmad Esmaielzadeh, Chen, Miao, Field, Matthew R., Oppedisano, Daniel K., Bhargava, Suresh K., Jones, Lathe A.
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.540 pp. 563-571
arsenic, carbon, catalysts, catalytic activity, coatings, coordination polymers, gold, iron, liquid-solid interface, magnetism, models, nanogold, nanoparticles, p-nitrophenol, pyrolysis, surface area, temperature
A strategy is described for the direct preparation of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on a Fe-based support, coated with porous carbon (PC), via pyrolysis of an AuCN functionalised Prussian Blue (PB) metal organic framework (MOF). The composite starting material was prepared with an even distribution of AuCN on the surface via galvanic exchange of PB with a gold salt in solution. The resulting structures after pyrolysis were shown to be active Au-based nanomaterials for model applications including catalysis (4-nitrophenol reduction) and electroanalysis (arsenic (III) detection), suggesting broad application where Au nanoparticles are required at a liquid-solid interface. The Fe based support was seen to consist of Fe, Fe3C and Fe4C phases, and the carbon coating increased the stability and improved the conductivity of the materials. The temperature of pyrolysis was seen to affect the activity of the supported nanoparticles, with an increased Au surface area obtained at the higher pyrolysis temperature (650 °C) tested. A general strategy is thus confirmed for preparation of noble metal nanoparticles evenly distributed on a magnetic support, allowing easy separation of catalysts from products in heterogeneous applications.