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Molecular reactors for synthesis of polymeric nanocomposites with noble metal nanoparticles for catalytic decomposition of 4-nitrophenol

Cyganowski, Piotr, Lesniewicz, Anna, Dzimitrowicz, Anna, Wolska, Joanna, Pohl, Pawel, Jermakowicz-Bartkowiak, Dorota
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.541 pp. 226-233
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, active sites, catalytic activity, gold, hydrochloric acid, nanogold, nanoparticles, p-nitrophenol, palladium, piperazine, platinum, polymer nanocomposites, polymers, sorption, transmission electron microscopy
A new, facile in-situ method for synthesis of polymeric nanocomposites (NCs) with nanoparticles (NPs) of Au, Pt and Pd is proposed. The method involves reduction-coupled sorption of Au(III), Pt(VI), and Pd(II), which avoids diffusion limitations, allowing the precipitation and stabilization of the NPs directly in the polymeric matrix.The obtained nanomaterials were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier-transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). NPs loaded into polymers were also investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD).Based on the results, it was concluded that the amino functionalities simultaneously reduced noble metals ions and capped the NPs. The average diameter of the obtained AuNPs ranged from 25 to 109 nm, while reduction-coupled sorption was carried out in 1 and 3 mol L−1 HCl solutions, respectively. Applying a 0.1 mol L−1 HCl solution containing Au(III), Pd(II) and Pt(VI), a NC with AuNPs and cubic-like PdNPs was fabricated, while using a solution of the same composition, but in 3 mol L−1 HCl, resulted in formation of a NC with flower-like PtNPs. Ultimately, the selected NC based on a resin with functionalities derived from 1-(2-aminoethyl)piperazine and with bi-metallic active sites, i.e. AuNPs and PdNPs, revealed catalytic activity in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol.