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Stepwise nanoassembly of a single hairpin probe and its biosensing
- Xu, Jianguo, Zheng, Tingting, Le, Jingqing, Jia, Lee
- Talanta 2018 v.187 pp. 272-278
- DNA, oligodeoxyribonucleotides, oligonucleotide probes, oncogenes
- Herein, we describe a novel trigger-induced DNA nanoassembly method using only one loop-stem shaped hairpin probe (HP) that consists of three different functional regions as a single building unit. The Region I is designed complementary to the trigger, while the Region II and Region III are projected to complementary with each other. When hybridized with the trigger, a toehold mediated strand displacement (TMSD) occurred on the strand of Region I, leading to the release of Region III for further hybridization with the Region II on another HP molecule and in turn inducing a stepwise growth of HP with the aid of polymerase. Unlike the conventional assembly approaches that rely on the sophisticated sequence design and complex operation, the single-HP nanoassembly is easy and fast. Moreover, because many HPs are opened during the assembly process, we exemplified the nanoassembly strategy by re-designing a new labeled hairpin probe to analyze the Kras oncogene with a high sensitivity and specificity. The present study demonstrated a novel promising DNA nanoassembly strategy for biological applications.