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3D printed resin-coated device for uranium (VI) extraction
- Rodas Ceballos, Melisa, González Serra, Francisco, Estela, José Manuel, Cerdà, Víctor, Ferrer, Laura
- Talanta 2019 v.196 pp. 510-514
- ammonium salts, durability, liquids, phosphogypsum, quaternary ammonium compounds, surface area, uranium
- Laser-based stereolithography (SLA) 3D printing has been applied to construct a 3D printed device as support for uranium(VI) extraction, using a quaternary ammonium salt in liquid and solid form. As proof of concept, a simple process was carried out to immobilize a selective and commercial resin (TEVA resin), in all the surface area of the non-cured SLA 3D printed device, becoming immobilized after UV photocuring. Besides, a coat of Aliquat®336 covering the surface of the cured SLA 3D printed device was tested. Both 3D printed devices as supported for liquid and solid extractant were characterized. Better results in terms of precision were obtained by using TEVA resin (RSD 2.9%), which was satisfactory optimized, reaching a LOD of 0.03 ng U(VI), and a durability of 10 consecutive extractions, maintaining a recovery of 90% with 5% RSD. The 3D printed device is able to preconcentrate up to a sample volume of 30 mL, without any additional pretreatment. The uranium detection was performed with an ICP-MS. Satisfactorily results were obtained analyzing reference material, e.g. phosphogypsum and water matrices from intercomparison exercises, at a confidence level of 95%.