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Hydrophilic phytic acid-functionalized magnetic dendritic mesoporous silica nanospheres with immobilized Ti4+: A dual-purpose affinity material for highly efficient enrichment of glycopeptides/phosphopeptides

Hong, Yayun, Zhan, Qiliang, Zheng, Yu, Pu, Chenlu, Zhao, Hongli, Lan, Minbo
Talanta 2019 v.197 pp. 77-85
affinity chromatography, alpha-casein, blood serum, glycopeptides, glycoproteins, human cell lines, humans, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, hydrophilicity, immunoglobulin G, magnetism, microparticles, nanospheres, phosphopeptides, phosphoproteins, phytic acid, polyethyleneimine, porous media, silica, titanium
In this work, magnetic mesoporous silica microspheres (Mag-MSMs) with ordered radial mesochannels were fabricated by a self-assembly synthesis in chlorobenzene-water mixed system. Then, the obtained Mag-MSMs were modified with polyethyleneimine (PEI), phytic acid (PA) and Ti4+ (denoted as Mag-MSMs@PEI-PA-Ti4+) via layer by layer (LbL) assembly. Due to the excellent hydrophilicity of PEI and PA and the large amount of Ti4+, the Mag-MSMs@PEI-PA-Ti4+ possessed combined properties of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)- and immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC)-based materials, which could be used as a dual-purpose material for N-glycopeptides or phosphopeptides enrichment. The proposed Mag-MSMs@PEI-PA-Ti4+ exhibited an outstanding performance for N-glycopeptides enrichment (selectivity: IgG/BSA = 1:1000; sensitivity: 0.5 fmol/μL IgG) and phosphopeptides enrichment (selectivity: α-casein/BSA=1:5000; sensitivity: 0.2 fmol/μL α-casein). Furthermore, after enrichment with Mag-MSMs@PEI-PA-Ti4+, a total of 276 N-glycopeptides assigned to 132 glycoproteins were identified from 2 μL human serum and 1645 phosphopeptides corresponding to 704 phosphoproteins were identified from 200 μg HeLa cell extracts.