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A label-free fluorescent aptasensor for the detection of Aflatoxin B1 in food samples using AIEgens and graphene oxide

Jia, Yongmei, Wu, Feng, Liu, Peilian, Zhou, Guohua, Yu, Biao, Lou, Xiaoding, Xia, Fan
Talanta 2019 v.198 pp. 71-77
aflatoxin B1, aptasensors, corn, fluorescence, food safety, foods, graphene oxide, milk, mixing, oligonucleotides, public health, rice
The detection of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) has attracted extensive attention for food safety is a worldwide public health problem. Herein, a novel, simple and label-free fluorescent aptasensor, based on quaternized tetraphenylethene salt (TPE-Z), graphene oxide (GO) and AFB1 aptamer, has been constructed to detect AFB1. In the presence of AFB1, AFB1 aptamer undergoes a conformational switch from single stranded structure to the AFB1/AFB1 aptamer complex upon target binding, which induces the release of TPE-Z/AFB1 aptamer from the surface of GO. Thus, the fluorescence of TPE-Z/AFB1 aptamer is recovered. The assay can be performed by simply mixing TPE-Z, AFB1 aptamer, the GO and the AFB1 samples with a detection limit of 0.25 ng/mL. It is highly selective against other aflatoxins in foods and its performance has been verified in food samples (corn, milk and rice) with known concentration AFB1.