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Preparing β-blocker (R)-Nifenalol based on enantioconvergent synthesis of (R)-p-nitrophenylglycols in continuous packed bed reactor with epoxide hydrolase

Li, Fu-Long, Zheng, Yu-Cong, Li, Hao, Chen, Fei-Fei, Yu, Hui-Lei, Xu, Jian-He
Tetrahedron 2019 v.75 no.12 pp. 1706-1710
Vigna radiata, adsorption, beta-adrenergic antagonists, biocatalysts, chemical bonding, chemical structure, crystallization, epoxide hydrolase, hydrolysis, methanol, porous media
An engineered epoxide hydrolase from Vigna radiate (VrEH2M263N) shows near-perfect enantioconvergence in single enzyme mediated hydrolysis of racemic p-nitrostyrene oxide (pNSO). To explore industrial potential of the promising biocatalyst, we tried to immobilize the VrEH2 variant by covalently linking onto a commercially available amino resin ECR8405F. Then a 5-mL packed bed reactor filled with the immobilized VrEH2M263N was connected with macroporous resin NKA-11 for in situ product adsorption, and the product (R)-p-nitrophenyl glycol (pNPG) was harvested by methanol elution, with 91% isolated yield and 97% ee. The continuous reactor was operated stably for more than 100 h with a space time yield of 20 g⋅L−1⋅h−1. Subsequently, the β-blocker (R)-Nifenalol was prepared by chemically synthesized from (R)-pNPG, affording the product in an overall yield of 61.3% (1.5 g) and an enantiopurity of 99.9% ee after recrystallization.