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Disparate effects of DOM extracted from coastal seawaters and freshwaters on photodegradation of 2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone

Wang, Jieqiong, Chen, Jingwen, Qiao, Xianliang, Zhang, Ya-nan, Uddin, Misbah, Guo, Zhongyu
Water research 2019 v.151 pp. 280-287
absorption, coastal water, dissolved organic matter, hydroxyl radicals, models, moieties, photobleaching, photolysis, pollutants, singlet oxygen
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in degradation of organic pollutants by photochemically-produced reactive intermediates (RIs), such as excited triplet-states of DOM (3DOM*), singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydroxyl radical (·OH). However, it is not clear whether DOM extracted from coastal seawaters (CS-DOM) and DOM derived from freshwaters (FW-DOM) exhibit similar effects on photodegradation of organic micropollutants. Herein, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP-1) was adopted as a model compound to probe the effects of different DOM on photodegradation kinetics of organic micropollutants. Results show that the CS-DOM promotes the photodegradation of BP-1 mainly via the pathway involving 3DOM*; while 3DOM*, 1O2 and ·OH are responsible for BP-1 photodegradation in the presence of the FW-DOM. Compared with the FW-DOM, the CS-DOM undergoes more photobleaching, and contains less aromatic C=C and C=O functional groups. Although 3DOM* formation quantum yields for the CS-DOM are relatively higher than those for the FW-DOM, the CS-DOM has lower rates of light absorption, leading to lower steady-state RI concentrations for the CS-DOM. BP-1 photodegradation in the presence of the CS-DOM is faster than in the presence of the FW-DOM, due to higher second-order reaction rate constants between BP-1 and CS-3DOM* and fewer antioxidants contained in the CS-DOM.