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Tetrachloroethene primes reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls in a river sediment microcosm

Xu, Guofang, Lu, Qihong, Yu, Ling, Wang, Shanquan
Water research 2019 v.152 pp. 87-95
Dehalococcoides mccartyi, aroclors, bioremediation, dechlorination, ethylene, in vitro studies, pollutants, rivers, sediments, tetrachloroethylene
Halo-priming is an effective approach to initiate microbial reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at contaminated sites, of which the application has been restricted by introducing extra pollutants generated from priming organohalides. In this study, tetrachloroethene (PCE) was demonstrated to be an effective priming compound to enhance PCB dechlorination both in a PCB-dechlorinating pure culture and a river sediment microcosm. In the isolated PCB-dechlorinating Dehalococcoides mccartyi CG1, PCB dechlorination activities were stimulated by adding 0.05–0.2 mM PCE, and were inhibited when further increasing PCE concentrations. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments showed that PCBs and PCE were synchronously dechlorinated in D. mccartyi CG1. In a river sediment microcosm, which was established to mimic in situ biostimulation of PCB dechlorination, 0.2 mM PCE could significantly improve para-chlorine removal from both PCB180 (2345-245-CB) and Aroclor 1260, and increase the relative abundance of indigenous dechlorinating Dehalococcoides for more than 20 times (from <0.1% to 2.3–5.0%). At the same time, PCE as a priming compound was completely dechlorinated to non-toxic ethene. Overall, this study provided an efficient strategy to stimulate in situ bioremediation of PCBs.