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Pectin hydrolysis in cashew apple juice by Aspergillus aculeatus URM4953 polygalacturonase covalently-immobilized on calcium alginate beads: A kinetic and thermodynamic study

Silva, Jônatas de Carvalho, de França, Pedro Renann Lopes, Converti, Attilio, Porto, Tatiana Souza
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.126 pp. 820-827
Aspergillus aculeatus, Gibbs free energy, activation energy, calcium alginate, enthalpy, entropy, equations, hydrolysis, pectins, polygalacturonase, protein unfolding, temperature
The kinetics and thermodynamics of pectin hydrolysis in cashew apple juice by polygalacturonase (PG) from Aspergillus aculeatus URM4953 covalently-immobilized on calcium alginate beads were investigated. Immobilized-PG activity in cashew apple juice was the highest at 20 °C, showing a maximum hydrolysis rate of 58.2 mg/mL·min, a catalytic constant of 166.2 s−1 and an affinity constant of 113.0 mg/mL. Since the enzyme exhibited an allosteric behavior, the hydrolysis rate was modeled, with excellent accuracy, by the Hill Equation as function of pectin concentration. The Hill coefficient increased from 3 to 5 with increasing temperature from 20 to 50 °C, evidencing a positive cooperativity mechanism. The reaction activation energy and the standard enthalpy variation of enzyme unfolding were 80.3 and 16.6 kJ/mol, respectively. Consistently with the kinetic results, PG-catalyzed pectin hydrolysis proceeded with maximum spontaneity at 20 °C, showing activation Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of 59.3 kJ/mol, 77.9 kJ/mol and 63.4 J/mol·K, respectively. Immobilized PG was successful in the hydrolysis of cashew apple juice pectin, requiring a low temperature to act optimally.