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Defects-healing of SAPO-34 membrane by post-synthesis modification using organosilica for selective CO2 separation

Mu, Yibing, Chen, Huanhao, Xiang, Huan, Lan, Lan, Shao, Yan, Fan, Xiaolei, Hardacre, Christopher
Journal of membrane science 2019 v.575 pp. 80-88
aluminum oxide, artificial membranes, carbon dioxide, coatings, methane, zeolites
It is challenging to avoid the formation of defects in zeolite membranes during their preparation. Herein, we present a facile vacuum-assisted deposition (VAD) method as a feasible solution to address this challenge. Defective SAPO-34 membranes supported on tubular porous alumina were healed using bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)-derived organosilica via VAD, showing an improved performance in the selective CO2 separation from an equimolar CO2/CH4 mixture. Specifically, by controlling the amount of organosilica deposited, the coating was able to heal the non-selective defects in SAPO-34 membranes without compromising the CO2 permeance, but increased the CO2/CH4 selectivity notably (by a factor of ca. 2.5 at 25 °C and 200 kPa). An excessive coating of organosilica by VAD resulted in a thick layer on top of the SAPO-34 membrane which led to a significant decrease in the CO2 permeance. Additionally, a modified membrane was also investigated for the CO2/CH4 gas feed with different CO2 concentrations from 20 to 50 mol.% and this showed that a relatively concentrated CO2 in the system could improve the seperation performance of the developed membrane.