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Bioinformatic and functional analysis of promoter region of human SLC25A13 gene

Chen, Jun-Lin, Zhang, Zhan-Hui, Li, Bing-Xiao, Cai, Zhen, Zhou, Qing-Hua
Gene 2019 v.693 pp. 69-75
TATA box, aspartic acid, bioinformatics, bioluminescence assay, enzyme activity, genes, glutamic acid, humans, liver, luciferase, models, mutation
The human SLC25A13 gene encodes the liver type aspartate/glutamate carrier isoform 2 (AGC2, commonly named as citrin), which plays a key role in the main NADH-shuttle of human hepatocyte. Biallelic SLC25A13 mutations result in Citrin deficiency (CD). In order to identify the important regulatory region of SLC25A13 gene and elucidate the way how potential promoter mutations affect the citrin expression, we performed promoter deletion analysis and established the reporter constructs of luciferase gene-carrying SLC25A13 promoter containing several mutations located in putative transcription factor-binding sites. The luciferase activities of all promoter constructs were measured using a Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the promoter of SLC25A13 gene lacks TATA box and obviously typical initiator element, but contains a CCAAT box and two GC box. Promoter deletion analysis confirmed the region from −221 to −1 upstream ATG was essential for SLC25A13 to maintain the promoter activity. We utilized dual-luciferase reporter system as function analytical model to tentatively assess the effect of artificially constructed promoter mutations on citrin expression, and our analysis revealed that mutated putative CCAAT box and GC box could significantly affect the citrin expression. Our study confirmed the important SLC25A13 promoter regions that influenced citrin expression in HL7702 cells, and constructed a function analytical model. This work may be useful to further identify the pathogenic mutations leading to CD in the promoter region.