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Ovulation and fertility response to commercially available GnRH products in lactating cows synchronized with the Double-Ovsynch protocol
- Luchterhand, M., Gamarra, C.A., Gennari, R.S., Carvalho, P.D., Barletta, R.V., Souza, A.H.
- Animal reproduction science 2019
- Holstein, animal ovaries, blood sampling, dairy cows, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, lactating females, lactation, ovulation, pregnancy, progesterone, regression analysis, salts, United States
- This study was designed to evaluate whether commonly used gonadorelin products that are commercially available in the United States results in comparable ovulation and pregnancy per AI (P/AI) in synchronized lactating dairy cows. A total of 1411 Holstein cows receiving a Double-Ovsynch protocol (DOV) for conducting the first postpartum AI were randomized to receive one of the following GnRH products throughout the Double-Ovsynch: 1) Cystorelin® (CYS, gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate, n = 484); 2) Factrel® (FAC, gonadorelin hydrochloride, n = 482) or; 3) Fertagyl® (FER, gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate, n = 515). A subgroup of cows (n = 487) received ovarian ultrasound exams and collection of blood samples for progesterone (P4) analysis. Proportion of cows ovulating following the 3rd GnRH of DOV tended (P = 0.07) to differ between GnRH salts (hydrochloride = 61.5% vs. diacetate = 72.7%) but was similar for GnRH products (FER = 74.1% vs. FAC = 61.5% vs. CYS = 72.2%). Interestingly, a logistic regression analyses that considered the circulating P4 at the time of GnRH treatment indicated lower ovulation responses to FAC compared to FER and CYS; although greater circulating P4 decreased ovulation response to all GnRH products. Results for P/AI at 60 d post-insemination differed between GnRH salts (P = 0.02) as well as GnRH products (FER = 47.8% vs. FAC = 42.0% vs. CYS = 49.8%; P = 0.04). In conclusion, fertility following use of the Double-Ovsynch was less following a hydrochloride-based GnRH product likely due to lesser ovulatory responses throughout the synchronization protocol.