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Tabebuia aurea decreases hyperalgesia and neuronal injury induced by snake venom

Malange, Kauê Franco, dos Santos, Gilson Gonçalves, Kato, Natália Naomi, Toffoli-Kadri, Mônica Cristina, Carollo, Carlos Alexandre, Silva, Denise Brentan, Portugal, Luciane Candeloro, Alves, Flávio Macedo, Rita, Paula Helena Santa, Parada, Carlos Amílcar, Rondon, Eric Schmidt
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2019 v.233 pp. 131-140
Bothrops, Tabebuia aurea, acute toxicity, adults, analgesics, antivenoms, blood serum, catalpol, dose response, ethanol, freeze drying, glycosylation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, inflammation, laboratory animals, liquid chromatography, males, mass spectrometry, mice, neurons, neurotoxicity, neutralization, niches, pain, snake venoms, somatosensory disorders, therapeutics, tissues, traditional medicine
Tabebuia aurea (Silva Manso) Benth. & Hook. f. ex S. Moore is used as anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiophidic in traditional medicine, though its pharmacological proprieties are still underexplored. In the bothropic envenoming, pain is a key symptom drove by an intense local inflammatory and neurotoxic event. The antivenom serum therapy is still the main treatment despite its poor local effects against pain and tissue injury. Furthermore, it is limited to ambulatorial niches, giving space for the search of new and more inclusive pharmacological approaches.evaluation of Tabebuia aurea hydroethanolic extract (HEETa) in hyperalgesia and neuronal injury induced by Bothrops mattogrossensis venom (VBm).Stem barks from Tabebuia aurea were extracted with ethanol and water (7:3, v/v) to yield the extract HEETa. Then, HEETa was analyzed by LC-DAD-MS and its constituents were identified. Snake venoms were extracted from adult specimens of Bothrops mattogrossensis, lyophilized and kept at −20 °C until use. Male Swiss mice, weighting 20–25 g, were used to hyperalgesia (electronic von Frey), motor impairment (Rotarod test) and tissue injury evaluation (histopatology and ATF-3 immunohistochemistry). Therefore, three experimental groups were formed: VBm (1 pg, 1 ng, 0.3 μg, 1 μg, 3 and 6 μg/paw), HEETa orally (180, 540, 720, 810 or 1080 mg/kg; 10 mL/kg, 30 min prior VBm inoculation) and VBm neutralized (VBm: HEETa, 1:100 parts, respectively). In all set of experiments a control (saline group) was used. First, we made a dose-time-response course curve of VBm’s induced hyperalgesia. Next, VBm maximum hyperalgesic dose was employed to perform HEETa orally dose-time-response course curve and analyses of VBm neutralized. Paw tissues for histopathology and DRGs were collected from animals inoculated with VBm maximum dose and treated with HEETa antihyperalgesic effective dose or neutralized VBm. Paws were extract two or 72 h after VBm inoculation and DRGs, in the maximum expected time expression of ATF-3 (72 h).From HEETa extract, glycosylated iridoids were identified, such as catalpol, minecoside, verminoside and specioside. VBm induced a time and dose dependent hyperalgesia with its highest effect seen with 3 µg/paw, 2 h after venom inoculation. HEETa effective dose (720 mg/kg) decreased significantly VBm induced hyperalgesia (3 µg/paw) with no motor impairment and signs of acute toxicity. HEETa antihyperalgesic action starts 1.5 h after VBm inoculation and lasted up until 2 h after VBm. Hyperalgesia wasn’t reduced by VBm: HEETa neutralization. Histopathology revealed a large hemorragic field 2 h after VBm inoculation and an intense inflammatory infiltrate of polymorphonuclear cells at 72 h. Both HEETa orally and VBm: HEETa groups had a reduced inflammation at 72 h after VBm. Also, the venom significantly induced ATF-3 expression (35.37 ± 3.25%) compared with saline group (4.18 ± 0.68%) which was reduced in HEETa orally (25.87 ± 2.57%) and VBm: HEETa (19.84 ± 2.15%) groups.HEETa reduced the hyperalgesia and neuronal injury induced by VBm. These effects could be related to iridoid glycosides detected in HEETa and their intrinsic reported mechanism.