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Single-stage denitrifying phosphorus removal biofilter utilizing intracellular carbon source for advanced nutrient removal and phosphorus recovery

Lin, Ziyuan, Wang, Yingmu, Huang, Wei, Wang, Jiale, Chen, Li, Zhou, Jian, He, Qiang
Bioresource technology 2019 v.277 pp. 27-36
Dechloromonas, Zoogloea, biofilters, carbon, denitrification, denitrifying microorganisms, filtration, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, municipal wastewater, nitrate nitrogen, phosphates, phosphorus, polymers
Advanced nutrient removal of municipal wastewater has insufficient carbon source, and resource recovery is neglected. In this study, a single-stage biofilter based on denitrifying phosphorus removal (DPR) was proposed for advanced nutrient removal and phosphorus recovery, which was operated under alternating anoxic/anaerobic mode with no extracellular carbon source in anoxic period. The results showed that the biofilter achieved efficient and stable performance with low carbon consumption (C/N ≈ 3.7). The average removal efficiency of NO3−-N, TN and PO43−-P were 74.81%, 71.08% and 91.15%, respectively. DPR primarily occurred in the middle of the filtration bed and nutrient removal was driven by intracellular polymers, which was the main carbon source. High-throughput sequencing indicated that Dechloromonas was enriched and contributed to DPR while Zoogloea was responsible for endogenous denitrification. Denitrifying polyphosphate accumulating organisms and endogenous denitrifiers synergistically enhanced the nutrient removal capacity. The study further provides research perspectives for improving nutrient removal.