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Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of oil palm front for the production of 2,3-butanediol
- Hazeena, Sulfath Hakkim, Nair Salini, Chandrasekharan, Sindhu, Raveendran, Pandey, Ashok, Binod, Parameswaran
- Bioresource technology 2019 v.278 pp. 145-149
- Elaeis guineensis, batch fermentation, biomass, bioreactors, culture flasks, enzymatic hydrolysis, glucose, hydrolysis, inoculum, lignocellulose, saccharification
- The present study aims to develop a process for the production of 2,3-butanediol by Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) of Oil Palm Front (OPF) biomass. The study compares SSF with Separate Hydrolysis and Fermentation (SHF) of oil palm biomass and batch fermentation using glucose. The results showed that SSF is one of the most attractive techniques for the microbial production of 2,3-butanediol using lignocellulosic biomass. The enzymatic digestibility and fermentative efficiency of alkali pre-treated OPF biomass was checked and the role of various experimental parameters like enzyme loading and inoculum loading were optimized. SSF experiments could give 30.74 g/l of BDO in shake flask and 12.53 g/l in 500 ml bioreactor with a productivity of 0.32 and 0.13 g/l/h respectively.