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Semi-hydrolysate of paper pulp without pretreatment enables a consolidated fermentation system with in situ product recovery for the production of butanol

Zhao, Tao, Yasuda, Kento, Tashiro, Yukihiro, Darmayanti, Rizki Fitria, Sakai, Kenji, Sonomoto, Kenji
Bioresource technology 2019 v.278 pp. 57-65
biobutanol, biomass, butanol, cellobiose, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, glucans, glucose, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, paper pulp, saccharification
Utilization of lignocellulosic biomasses for biobutanol fermentation usually requires costly processes of pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. In this study, paper pulp (93.2% glucan) was used as a starting biomass material to produce biobutanol. We conducted enzymatic semi-hydrolysis of paper pulp without pretreatment and with low enzyme loading, which produced high concentrations of cellobiose (13.9 g L−1) and glucose (21.3 g L−1). In addition, efficient fermentation of the semi-hydrolysate was achieved similar to that with the use of commercial sugars without inhibitors. Finally, we designed a novel non-isothermal simultaneous saccharification and fermentation with in situ butanol recovery, which was composed of a repeated semi-hydrolysis process and successive butanol-extractive fermentation process under the respective optimal conditions. The consolidated system improved butanol production, butanol yields, and butanol productivities and enabled repeated use of medium when compared with other integrated hydrolysis and fermentation processes.