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Effects of biomass pyrolysis derived wood vinegar on microbial activity and communities of activated sludge

Zhang, Fang, Shao, Jingai, Yang, Haiping, Guo, Dabin, Chen, Zhihua, Zhang, Shihong, Chen, Hanping
Bioresource technology 2019 v.279 pp. 252-261
Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Nitrospirae, Proteobacteria, activated sludge, biomass, denitrifying bacteria, microbial activity, nitrifying bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, pyrolysis, sewage treatment, species richness, vinegars, wood
The effects of wood vinegar (WVG) on microbial activity and communities of activated sludge were investigated in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) process. Results showed that the optimal WVG concentration was 4 μL/L when the pollutants removal efficiency and microbial activity were promoted by a WVG dilution factor of 1000. WVG could reduce the increase in microbial species richness, which led to a more notable variety of microbial species diversity. The enhanced microbial activity and communities were addressed to the promotion of 7 main classes of microbes in Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria, and Nitrospirae phyla. The growth of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB), and main genera of denitrifying bacteria (DNB), phosphorus-accumulating organisms (PAOs), and glycogen-accumulating organisms (GAOs) could be promoted by WVG, which improved the sewage treatment effectiveness in a SBR.