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Bifenthrin treatment for balsa: Susceptibility of Papua New Guinea-grown Ochroma pyramidale to attack by Coptotermes acinaciformis (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae) in an Australian context

Author:
Kotlarewski, Nathan J., Derikvand, Mohammad, Lee, Michael, Nolan, Gregory, Hague, James RB.
Source:
International biodeterioration & biodegradation 2019 v.137 pp. 153-157
ISSN:
0964-8305
Subject:
Blattodea, Coptotermes acinaciformis, Eucalyptus globulus, Ochroma pyramidale, Pinus radiata, bifenthrin, heartwood, sapwood, wood industry, Northern Territory, Papua New Guinea
Abstract:
This study evaluated the termite susceptibility of Papua New Guinea (PNG) balsa (Ochroma pyramidale) against Australia's most economically important wood-destroying termite species, Coptotermes acinaciformis. Samples of envelope treated PNG balsa with the insecticide bifenthrin and non-treated balsa, radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sapwood and southern blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) heartwood were exposed to seven different colonies of C. acinaciformis at a field site in the Northern Territory, Australia. The results indicated that balsa is susceptible to termite attack, with a mean mass loss of 30.9% (range 3.8–99.9%). Mean mass losses for radiata pine and southern blue gum were 90.3 and 98.9% respectively. It was evident that balsa can be successfully protected from termite attack with envelope-treatments of bifenthrin, with the latter proving to be highly efficacious at mass/volume retentions much lower than those specified in AS 1604.1 and typically used in the Australian timber preservation industry.
Agid:
6293056