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Insights into the venom protein components of Microplitis mediator, an endoparasitoid wasp

Lin, Zhe, Wang, Rui-Juan, Cheng, Yang, Du, Jie, Volovych, Olga, Han, Li-Bin, Li, Jian-Cheng, Hu, Yang, Lu, Zi-Yun, Lu, Zhiqiang, Zou, Zhen
Insect biochemistry and molecular biology 2019 v.105 pp. 33-42
Helicoverpa armigera, Microplitis mediator, calyx, endoparasitoids, extracellular matrix, gene duplication, gene expression regulation, glycosides, hemolymph, hosts, immune response, insect pests, metalloproteinases, parasitic wasps, protein synthesis, proteins, proteomics, serine proteinase inhibitors, transcriptomics, venoms, virus-like particles, viruses, wasps
Endoparasitoid wasps deliver a variety of maternal factors, such as venom proteins, viruses, and virus-like particles, from their venom and calyx fluid into hosts and thereby regulate the hosts' immune response, metabolism and development. The endoparasitoid, Microplitis mediator, is used as an important biological agent for controlling the devastating pest Helicoverpa armigera. In this study, using an integrated transcriptomic and proteomic analysis approach, we identified 75 putative venom proteins in M. mediator. The identified venom components were consistent with other known parasitoid wasps’ venom proteins, including metalloproteases, serine protease inhibitors, and glycoside hydrolase family 18 enzymes. The metalloprotease and serpin family showed extensive gene duplications in venom apparatus. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) based quantitative proteomics revealed 521 proteins that were differentially expressed at 6 h and 24 h post-parasitism, including 10 wasp venom proteins that were released into the host hemolymph. Further analysis indicated that 511 differentially expressed proteins (DEP) from the host are primarily involved in the immune response, material metabolism, and extracellular matrix receptor interaction. Taken together, our results on parasitoid wasp venoms have the potential to enhance the application of endoparasitoid wasps for controlling insect pest.