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Nanoarchitecture Frameworks for Electrochemical miRNA Detection
- Masud, Mostafa Kamal, Umer, Muhammad, Hossain, Md. Shahriar A., Yamauchi, Yusuke, Nguyen, Nam-Trung, Shiddiky, Muhammad J.A.
- Trends in biochemical sciences 2019 v.44 no.5 pp. 433-452
- biomarkers, electrochemistry, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, humans, microRNA, nanomaterials, transcriptome
- With revolutionary advances in next-generation sequencing, the human transcriptome has been comprehensively interrogated. These discoveries have highlighted the emerging functional and regulatory roles of a large fraction of RNAs suggesting the potential they might hold as stable and minimally invasive disease biomarkers. Although a plethora of molecular-biology- and biosensor-based RNA-detection strategies have been developed, clinical application of most of these is yet to be realized. Multifunctional nanomaterials coupled with sensitive and robust electrochemical readouts may prove useful in these applications. Here, we summarize the major contributions of engineered nanomaterials-based electrochemical biosensing strategies for the analysis of miRNAs. With special emphasis on nanostructure-based detection, this review also chronicles the needs and challenges of miRNA detection and provides a future perspective on the presented strategies.