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Quantitation of serum 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 concentrations by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in patients with diabetes mellitus

Author:
Lin, Yi-Ching, Lee, Hei-Hwa, Tseng, Shing-Cheng, Lin, Kun-Der, Tseng, Li-Ping, Lee, Jong-Feng, Lee, Yung-Hung, Chen, Bai-Hsiun
Source:
Yàowù shípǐn fēnxī 2019 v.27 no.2 pp. 510-517
ISSN:
1021-9498
Subject:
blood serum, calcium, homeostasis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, ionization, liquid chromatography, methanol, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, patients, phosphorus, risk, tandem mass spectrometry, vitamin D, vitamin D deficiency
Abstract:
Vitamin D has been considered to regulate calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and to preserve skeletal integrity. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is the best indicator of vitamin D levels. The association of serum 25(OH)D deficiency with increased risk of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is controversial. We investigated serum 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 levels in diabetes patients by using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Serum 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 levels were measured with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in electrospray ionization positive mode. Chromatograms were separated using an ACE5 C18 column on a gradient of methanol. The total 25(OH)D levels were calculated as the sum of 25(OH)D3 and 25(OH)D2 levels. A total of 56 patients with T1DM and 41 patients with T2DM were enrolled in this study. There were 42 and 28 non-diabetic, age-matched volunteers who participated as the T1DM controls and the T2DM controls, respectively. The total 25(OH)D levels were lowest in the 21–40 age group. The levels of both 25(OH)D3 and the total 25(OH)D were significantly higher in the T1DM and T2DM groups than in the controls (p < 0.01 in T1DM and p < 0.05 in T2DM group, respectively). The 25(OH)D2 levels were only significantly higher in T1DM patients than in the controls. The percentages of vitamin D deficiency (total 25(OH)D less than 20 ng/mL) in the T1DM, T2DM, the T1DM controls and the T2DM controls were 7.1%, 0%, 14.3% and 3.6%, respectively. The percentages of vitamin D insufficiency (total 25(OH)D less than 30 ng/mL) in the T1DM, T2DM, the T1DM controls and the T2DM controls were 26.8%, 7.3%, 54.8% and 17.9%, respectively. The percentages of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were significantly lower in the T1DM patients than in the T1DM controls (p < 0.01). In the present study, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients had higher serum 25(OH)D levels and lower percentages of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency.
Agid:
6293216