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CgAATase with specific expression pattern can be used as a potential surface marker for oyster granulocytes

Dong, Miren, Song, Xiaorui, Wang, Min, Wang, Weilin, Zhang, Peng, Liu, Yu, Li, Meijia, Wang, Lingling, Song, Linsheng
Fish & shellfish immunology 2019 v.87 pp. 96-104
Crassostrea gigas, Vibrio splendidus, alcohols, amino acids, density gradient centrifugation, fish, flow cytometry, ganglia, gene expression, gene expression regulation, granulocytes, hemocytes, hepatopancreas, immune response, in vitro culture, messenger RNA, monoclonal antibodies, muscles, open reading frames, oysters, peptides, pseudopodia, shellfish, transferases
Granulocytes are known as the main immunocompetent hemocytes that play important roles in the immune defense of oyster Crassostrea gigas. In the present study, an alcohol acyltransferase (designed as CgAATase) with specific expression pattern was identified from oyster C. gigas, and it could be employed as a potential marker for the isolation of oyster granulocytes. The open reading frame (ORF) of CgAATase was of 1431 bp, encoding a peptide of 476 amino acids with a typically conserved AATase domain. The mRNA transcripts of CgAATase were highest expressed in hemocytes, lower expressed in hepatopancreas, mantle, gonad, gill, ganglion, adductor muscle, and labial palp. The mRNA expression level of CgAATase in hemocytes was significantly up-regulated at 3–12 h and reached the highest level (27.40-fold compared to control group, p < 0.05) at 6 h after Vibrio splendidus stimulation. The total hemocytes were sorted as granulocytes, semi-granulocytes and agranulocytes by Percoll® density gradient centrifugation. CgAATase transcripts were dominantly observed in granulocytes, which was 8.26-fold (p < 0.05) and 2.80-fold (p < 0.05) of that in agranulocytes and semi-granulocytes, respectively. The monoclonal antibody against CgAATase was produced and employed for the isolation of granulocytes with the immunomagnetic bead. CgAATase protein was mainly detected on the cytomembrane of granulocytes. About 85.7 ± 4.60% of the granulocytes were positive for CgAATase and they could be successfully separated by flow cytometry with immunomagnetic bead coated with anti-CgAATase monoclonal antibody, and 97.7 ± 1.01% of the rest hemocytes (agranulocytes and semi-granulocytes) were negative for CgAATase. The isolated primary granulocytes could maintain cell activity for more than one week in vitro culture that exhibited numerous filopodia. These results collectively suggested that CgAATase was a potential marker of oyster granulocytes, and the granulocytes could be effectively isolated from total circulating hemocytes by immunomagnetic bead coated with the anti-CgAATase monoclonal antibody.