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Analysis of genetic diversity in Ganoderma population with a novel molecular marker SRAP
- Sun, Shu-Jing, Gao, Wei, Lin, Shu-Qian, Zhu, Jian, Xie, Bao-Gui, Lin, Zhi-Bin
- Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2006 v.72 no.3 pp. 537-543
- DNA, Ganoderma lucidum, cluster analysis, cultivars, fungi, genetic markers, genetic variation, taxonomy, China, Yugoslavia
- Genetic marker technology designed to detect naturally occurring polymorphisms at the DNA level had become an invaluable and revolutionizing tool for both applied and basic studies of fungi. To eliminate the confusion on the taxonomy of Ganoderma strains, in this study, a collection of 31 accessions representative of morphotypes and some unclassified types was used for analyzing molecular diversity using a novel molecular marker sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP). This collection included commercial cultivars and wild varieties that represented the great diversification of types from different countries and regions. The experimental results showed that 50 out of 95 combinations of primers turned out to be polymorphic, and 85 polymorphism bands were obtained using six combinations. Based on the appearances of markers, the genetic similarity coefficients were calculated, and genetic variations were observed (0~1) among the 31 different Ganoderma strains. The group of Ganoderma lucidum showed significant differences from the group of Ganoderma sinense. Moreover, G. lucidum in China was also different from G. lucidum in Yugoslavia. At the same time, cluster analysis successfully categorized these 31 Ganoderma strains into five groups. These results revealed the genetic diversity of Ganoderma strains and their correlation with geographic environments. It also suggested SRAP marker could be used in the taxonomic analysis of fungi. To our knowledge, this is the first application of SRAP marker on the systematics of Ganoderma strains within basidiomycetes.