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A novel crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain regulating carbohydrate metabolism

Liu, An, Liu, Jing, Chen, Xuelei, Lu, Bei, Zeng, Chaoshu, Ye, Haihui
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.231 pp. 49-55
RNA interference, Scylla paramamosain, carbohydrate metabolism, complementary DNA, crabs, double-stranded RNA, glucose, hemolymph, phylogeny, signal peptide, starvation, stomach, thoracic ganglia, tissue distribution
Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) plays a crucial role in regulating carbohydrate metabolism in crustaceans. In this study, a new cDNA encoding type I CHH peptide, termed Sp-CHH3, was isolated from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain and its potential functions were investigated. The full length cDNA of Sp-CHH3 was identified as encoding a 127-aa precursor composed of a 27-aa signal peptide, a 23-aa CHH precursor-related peptide and a 75-aa mature peptide with a typical motif of CHH. Phylogenic analysis suggested that, Sp-CHH3 is a previously unreported CHH from S. paramamosain. Tissue distribution analysis showed that Sp-CHH3 was mainly expressed in the eyestalk ganglia, thoracic ganglia, stomach and the ovary. A RNA interference experiments showed that after injection of Sp-CHH3-targeted dsRNA, both the level of Sp-CHH3 expression in the eyestalk ganglia and hemolymph glucose level decreased significantly. A further short-term starvation experiments demonstrated that, the level of Sp-CHH3 detected in the eyestalk ganglia was significantly up-regulated at the 12th h of starvation, it then fell back at the 24th h of starvation and subsequently remained relative stability between the 24th to 96th h of starvation. The hemolymph glucose level decreased significantly (P < .05) at each sampling time during the 96 h starvation duration when compared to that of 0 h (prior to starvation) and the overall trend was largely correlated with the level of Sp-CHH3 expression in the eyestalk ganglia. In summary, the results suggest that Sp-CHH3 plays a functional role in regulating carbohydrate metabolism in S. paramamosain.