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Microbial co-culturing strategies for fructo-oligosaccharide production

Castro, Cristiana C., Nobre, Clarisse, De Weireld, Guy, Hantson, Anne-Lise
New biotechnology 2019 v.51 pp. 1-7
Aureobasidium pullulans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, bioreactors, chromatography, coculture, encapsulation, ethanol, fermentation, fructooligosaccharides, glucose, mixed culture, sucrose
Fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) mixtures produced by fermentation contain large amounts of non-prebiotic sugars. Here we propose a mixed culture of Aureobasidium pullulans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to produce FOS and consume the small saccharides simultaneously, thereby increasing FOS purity in the mixture. The use of immobilised A. pullulans in co-culture with encapsulated S. cerevisiae, inoculated after 10 h fermentation, enhanced FOS production in a 5 L bioreactor. Using this strategy, a maximal FOS concentration of 119 g L−1, and yield of 0.59 gFOS gsucrose−1, were obtained after 20 h fermentation, increasing FOS productivity from about 4.9 to 5.9 gFOS L−1 h−1 compared to a control fermentation of immobilized A. pullulans in monoculture. In addition, the encapsulated S. cerevisiae cells were able to decrease the glucose in the medium to about 7.6% (w/w) after 63 h fermentation. This provided a final fermentation mixture with 2.0% (w/w) sucrose and a FOS purity of over 67.0% (w/w). Moreover, a concentration of up to 58.0 g L−1 of ethanol was obtained through the enzymatic transformation of glucose. The resulting pre-purified FOS mixture could improve the separation and purification of FOS in downstream treatments, such as simulated moving bed chromatography.