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16S rRNA-Based metagenomic analysis of microbial communities associated with wild Labroides dimidiatus from Karah Island, Terengganu, Malaysia

Nurul, Ashyikin Noor Ahmad, Muhammad, Danish-Daniel, Okomoda, Victor Tosin, Nur, Ariffin Asma Bt.
Biotechnology reports 2019 v.21 pp. e00303
Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, DNA, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, Labroides dimidiatus, Proteobacteria, bacterial communities, biotechnology, captive animals, corals, metagenomics, microorganisms, mucus, ornamental fish, stomach, Malaysia
This study was designed to evaluate the bacterial composition of the Labroides dimidiatus and its surrounding water. Fish and carriage water samples were obtained from corals of the Karah Island in Terengganu Malaysia. DNA was extracted and the bacteria communities on the skin mucus and stomach as well as water sample were classified (to family level) using the 16S rRNA-based metagenomics analysis. 1,426,740 amplicon sequence reads corresponding to 508 total operational taxonomic units were obtained from the three metagenomics libraries in this study. The Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria were the most dominant bacterial phyla in all samples. A total of 36 different classes and 132 families were identified, many of which had shared presence in all samples while others were exclusive to different sample. Thirty-three of these were identified as pathogenic zoonotic bacterial. The results obtained indicate a strong influence of host environment on the composition of its microbiota. Knowing the composition of the microbiota is the first step toward exploring proper management of this ornamental fish in captivity.