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Nutrient recovery from pigeon dropping by using exotic earthworm Eisenia fetida
- Singh, Sharanpreet, Singh, Jaswinder, Kaur, Amandeep, Kaur, Jagroop, Vig, Adarsh Pal, Bhat, Sartaj Ahmad
- Sustainable chemistry and pharmacy 2019 v.12 pp. 100126
- Eisenia fetida, calcium, cattle manure, containers, earthworms, excreta, green chemistry, mortality, pH, pigeons, population size, vermicomposting
- Pigeon dropping is a kind of organic waste which can be transformed easily into organic manure by vermicomposting with exotic earthworm Eisenia fetida. In the present study, a pigeon excreta was collected from roof tops. The pigeon excreta was mixed with cattle dung with the ratios as 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% respectively, in plastic containers; meanwhile, those proposal were name as C10, C20, C30, C40 and C50 respectively. Feed mixtures were allowed to decompose (pre-vermicomposting without earthworm) for 20–25 days. After decomposition, 20 hatchlings of E. fetida were put in each concentration after weighing. Cattle dung (without pigeon excreta) was kept as the control. The physico-chemical analysis of initial feed mixture and final product after vermicomposting was also done to measure the changes in the feed mixtures from the initial to the final states. There were increases in the content of N (52.35%), P (115.79%), K (39.97%) and EC (56.16%) but decrease in those of OC (-15.49%), OM (-15.49%), pH (-7.92%) and Ca (-39.62%) from the initial to the final product. The highest population size of earthworms and minimum mortality rate was observed in C30 feed mixture. Thus, the present study indicated that cattle dung mixed with 30% (w/w) pigeon excreta waste may be a good choice for vermicomposting.