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Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Trypanosoma evansi from Northern India based on 18S ribosomal gene

Kumar, Rajender, Sarkhel, S.P., Kumar, Saroj, Batra, Kanisht, Sethi, Khushboo, Jain, Shikha, Kumar, Sanjay, Tripathi, B.N.
Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 2019 v.15 pp. 100259
Trypanosoma evansi, asses, camels, cattle, genes, genetic variation, horses, hosts, molecular epidemiology, pathogenesis, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, ribosomal RNA, India
Six Trypanosoma evansi isolates were collected from ponies (PH1 and PK6), camel (CB2), donkeys (DJ3 and DH4) and cattle (CK5) from different States of Northern India (Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat) for molecular characterization based on 18S rRNA gene. The 18S rRNA gene (2251 bp) of different isolates was amplified, cloned and custom sequenced separately. Based on sequence and phylogenetic analysis of all six isolates, collected from different hosts as well as geographical areas, were having high identity among Indian T. evansi strains (99.7%) and with other strains of T. evansi (99.2%) distributed worldwide. There is less genetic diversity among different salivarian strains of T. evansi except few nucleotide changes at significant locations in one Indian isolate of camel origin (CB2). All Indian T. evansi isolates were grouped in salivarian clade with high bootstrap values and remained far away from stercorarian clade having 88–90% nucleotide identity. The study will be helpful in understanding the evolutionary relationship, molecular epidemiology and variation in disease pathogenesis among different T. evansi strains. Further, more studies are required on large number of isolates collected from diverse host and geographical areas to reaffirm the present finding.