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Short-range runoff forecasting for the River Rhine at Rheinfelden: experiences and present problems
- LANG, H., JENSEN, H., GREBNER, D.
- Hydrological sciences journal 1987 v.32 no.3 pp. 385-397
- models, runoff, temperature, temporal variation, watersheds
- The discharge of the Rhine upstream of Basle has been subject to forecasting at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, for more than 20 years. The present state of the operational handling of the real-time short-range forecasting is outlined, together with a description of the model structure and of the underlying networks. The problems of spatial and temporal variation of precipitation need particular consideration. Because of the short response times and in order to meet the requirements of a lead time of three days, quantitative forecasts of precipitation and temperature are employed, including their variation in time and their distribution within the river basin.