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“Chromoplast” development in arbuscular mycorrhizal roots
- Fester, T., Lohse, S., Halfmann, K.
- Phytochemistry 2007 v.68 no.1 pp. 92-100
- biosynthesis, plastids, roots, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae
- The accumulation of apocarotenoids in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) roots suggests a dramatic reorganization of the plastids responsible for the biosynthesis of these compounds. This review describes the cytological and biochemical characterization of this phenomenon. The results presented suggest that plastids are key organelles for the establishment of the symbiotic interface of the AM symbiosis. In addition, a complex interplay of various plant cell components during the different functional phases of this interface is suggested. Arbuscule degradation appears to be of particular interest, as it correlates with the formation of the most extensive plastid structures and with apocarotenoid accumulation.