Main content area

Biological activity of extracts of traditional wild medicinal plants from the Balkan Peninsula

Vujanović, M., Zengin, G., Đurović, S., Mašković, P., Cvetanović, A., Radojković, M.
South African journal of botany 2019 v.120 pp. 213-218
Morus nigra, Sambucus nigra, Symphytum officinale, Teucrium chamaedrys, Teucrium montanum, alpha-glucosidase, antioxidant activity, cell lines, cytotoxicity, enzyme inhibition, enzyme inhibitors, free radical scavengers, medicinal plants
The aim of the present study was to investigate antioxidant, cytotoxic and enzyme-inhibitory activities of wild growing medicinal herbs in the Balkan Peninsula (Morus nigra L., Symphytum officinale L., Sambucus nigra L., Teucrium chamaedrys L. and Teucrium montanum L.). Notably, antioxidant activity of investigated plant species was confirmed through several assays including free radical scavenging (ABTS), reducing power (CUPRAC), phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating test. Cytotoxic activity was evaluated using three different cell lines: Hep2c, RD and L2OB. S. officinale L. and S. nigra L. showed the highest cytotoxic activity. All studied extracts exhibited remarkable inhibitory effects on tested enzymes. S. nigra L. and T. chamaedrys L. exhibited the strongest tyrosinase inhibitory effects (26.62 ± 0.77 extract and 14.72 ± 0.41 mg KAEs/g, respectively), while S. officinale L. was the most potent in terms on α-glucosidase inhibition (11.47 ± 0.05 mmol ACAE/g extract). The obtained results indicate that the extracts of the tested wild grown plants could be used which can be explored as natural medicines for the promotion of health.