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Antibody persistence and booster response in adolescents and young adults 4 and 7.5 years after immunization with 4CMenB vaccine
- Nolan, Terry, Santolaya, Maria Elena, de Looze, Ferdinandus, Marshall, Helen, Richmond, Peter, Henein, Sam, Rheault, Paul, Heaton, Ken, Perrett, Kirsten P., Garfield, Hartley, Gupta, Anil, Ferguson, Murdo, D'Agostino, Diego, Toneatto, Daniela, O'Ryan, Miguel
- Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.9 pp. 1209-1218
- adolescents, antibacterial properties, antibodies, antigens, geometry, immune response, serotypes, vaccination, vaccines, young adults, Australia, Canada, Chile
- Data on duration of protection against invasive meningococcal disease post-vaccination with the recombinant, 4-component, meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (4CMenB) are limited. We evaluated bactericidal activity persistence in adolescents/young adults up to 7.5 years post-primary vaccination with 4CMenB, and response to a booster dose compared with vaccine-naïve controls.This open-label, multicenter study (NCT02446743) enrolled 15–24 year-old-previously vaccinated participants from Canada, Australia (group Primed_4y) 4 years post-priming with 4CMenB (2 doses; 0,1-month schedule), and Chile (Primed_7.5y) 7.5 years after priming with 4CMenB (2 doses; 0,1/0,2/0,6-month schedule) and vaccine-naïve participants of similar age (Naïve_4y and Naïve_7.5y groups). Primed participants received a booster dose; vaccine-naïve participants received 2 catch-up doses of 4CMenB, 1 month apart. We evaluated antibody persistence and immune responses using hSBA in terms of geometric mean titers and percentages of participants with hSBA titers ≥4, the kinetics of bactericidal activity post-booster (previously vaccinated) or post-2 doses (vaccine-naïve), and safety.Antibody levels declined at 4 (Primed_4y) and 7.5 (Primed_7.5y) years post-primary vaccination, but remained higher than in vaccine-naïve participants at baseline (≤44% vs ≤ 13% [fHbp]; ≤84% vs ≤ 24% [NadA]; ≤29% vs ≤ 14% [PorA]) for all vaccine antigens except NHBA (≤81% vs ≤ 79%). One month post-booster and post-second dose, 93–100% of primed and 79–100% of vaccine-naïve participants had hSBA titers ≥4 for all antigens. Kinetics of the antibody response were similar across groups with an early robust response observed 7 days post-booster/second dose. No vaccine-related serious adverse event was reported.For all antigens except NHBA, a higher proportion of primed participants had hSBA titers ≥4, at 4 and 7.5 years post-vaccination, compared with vaccine-naïve participants. A more robust immune response after booster compared to a first dose in vaccine-naïve individuals, showed effective priming in an adolescent/young adult population. No safety or new reactogenicity issues were identified.