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Antibody persistence and booster response in adolescents and young adults 4 and 7.5 years after immunization with 4CMenB vaccine

Nolan, Terry, Santolaya, Maria Elena, de Looze, Ferdinandus, Marshall, Helen, Richmond, Peter, Henein, Sam, Rheault, Paul, Heaton, Ken, Perrett, Kirsten P., Garfield, Hartley, Gupta, Anil, Ferguson, Murdo, D'Agostino, Diego, Toneatto, Daniela, O'Ryan, Miguel
Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.9 pp. 1209-1218
adolescents, antibacterial properties, antibodies, antigens, geometry, immune response, serotypes, vaccination, vaccines, young adults, Australia, Canada, Chile
Data on duration of protection against invasive meningococcal disease post-vaccination with the recombinant, 4-component, meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (4CMenB) are limited. We evaluated bactericidal activity persistence in adolescents/young adults up to 7.5 years post-primary vaccination with 4CMenB, and response to a booster dose compared with vaccine-naïve controls.This open-label, multicenter study (NCT02446743) enrolled 15–24 year-old-previously vaccinated participants from Canada, Australia (group Primed_4y) 4 years post-priming with 4CMenB (2 doses; 0,1-month schedule), and Chile (Primed_7.5y) 7.5 years after priming with 4CMenB (2 doses; 0,1/0,2/0,6-month schedule) and vaccine-naïve participants of similar age (Naïve_4y and Naïve_7.5y groups). Primed participants received a booster dose; vaccine-naïve participants received 2 catch-up doses of 4CMenB, 1 month apart. We evaluated antibody persistence and immune responses using hSBA in terms of geometric mean titers and percentages of participants with hSBA titers ≥4, the kinetics of bactericidal activity post-booster (previously vaccinated) or post-2 doses (vaccine-naïve), and safety.Antibody levels declined at 4 (Primed_4y) and 7.5 (Primed_7.5y) years post-primary vaccination, but remained higher than in vaccine-naïve participants at baseline (≤44% vs ≤ 13% [fHbp]; ≤84% vs ≤ 24% [NadA]; ≤29% vs ≤ 14% [PorA]) for all vaccine antigens except NHBA (≤81% vs ≤ 79%). One month post-booster and post-second dose, 93–100% of primed and 79–100% of vaccine-naïve participants had hSBA titers ≥4 for all antigens. Kinetics of the antibody response were similar across groups with an early robust response observed 7 days post-booster/second dose. No vaccine-related serious adverse event was reported.For all antigens except NHBA, a higher proportion of primed participants had hSBA titers ≥4, at 4 and 7.5 years post-vaccination, compared with vaccine-naïve participants. A more robust immune response after booster compared to a first dose in vaccine-naïve individuals, showed effective priming in an adolescent/young adult population. No safety or new reactogenicity issues were identified.