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Vaccination-associated acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
- Torisu, Hiroyuki, Okada, Kenji
- Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.8 pp. 1126-1129
- encephalitis, vaccination, vaccines
- While the basic definition of vaccination-associated acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is relatively clear and easily understandable, it is often difficult to diagnose ADEM based on clinical findings alone. ADEM is actually a heterogeneous clinical syndrome that can be approximately characterized by encephalomyelitis with multiple inflammatory demyelination, autoimmune causes, and relationship with a preceding infection or vaccination. The differential diagnosis of ADEM should exclude the possibility of infectious or other autoimmune encephalitis. The occurrence of vaccination-associated ADEM is influenced by several factors including the health and ethnic status of the vaccinated individual, vaccine components, and environment. Cases suspected of vaccination-associated ADEM should be analyzed cautiously from multi-disciplinary perspectives.