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Octenylsuccinate quinoa starch granule-stabilized Pickering emulsion gels: Preparation, microstructure and gelling mechanism

Li, Songnan, Zhang, Bin, Tan, Chin Ping, Li, Chao, Fu, Xiong, Huang, Qiang
Food hydrocolloids 2019 v.91 pp. 40-47
adsorption, bioactive compounds, contact angle, droplet size, droplets, emulsions, gelation, gels, hydrocolloids, microstructure, oils, starch granules, storage modulus, viscosity
The development of emulsion gels has attracted increasing interests due to their potential applications as oil structuring templates and release-controlled carriers for sensitive lipid-soluble bioactive compounds. This work aimed to elucidate the importance of changing the degree of substitution (DS, 0.0072–0.0286) and oil volume fraction (Φ, 10–90%) to achieve octenylsuccinate (OS) quinoa starch granule-based Pickering emulsion gels. The gelation process, droplet size distribution, rheological properties and microstructure of Pickering emulsion gels formed at various DS and Φ values were evaluated. Octenylsuccinylation did not change the morphology or the granule size of quinoa starch but significantly increased the contact angle from 36.2° to 68.7°. OS quinoa starch granule-stabilized Pickering emulsion gels were formed at a DS of 0.0286 with Φ values ranging from 50 to 70%. At the Φ value of 70%, increasing DS progressively increased the apparent viscosity (η) and storage modulus (G′) of the emulsions as a result of the adsorption of more OS quinoa starch granules at the oil/water interface. Both η and G′ showed an increasing trend as a function of Φ (50–70%) at a DS value of 0.0286, and this was closely related to the microstructure of the formed emulsion gels. The network of OS quinoa starch-based Pickering emulsion gels at high Φ values (e.g., 60% and 70%) was mainly composed of compact “aggregated” oil droplets, which was largely attributed to the inter-droplet interactions. These results are of great help in understanding the gelling mechanism and the development of starch granule-based Pickering emulsion gels.