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Antimony oxidation and sorption behavior on birnessites with different properties (δ-MnO2 and triclinic birnessite)
- Sun, Qian, Cui, Pei-Xin, Liu, Cun, Peng, Shi-Meng, Alves, Marcelo Eduardo, Zhou, Dong-Mei, Shi, Zhen-Qing, Wang, Yu-Jun
- Environmental pollution 2019 v.246 pp. 990-998
- antimony, birnessite, electron transfer, manganese, manganese dioxide, oxidation, reaction mechanisms, sorption, spectroscopy
- Birnessites are abundant naturally occurring minerals with high sorption and oxidation capacity that could therefore play an important role in antimony (Sb) migration and transformation. There are various types of birnessites in the environment. However, little is known about the similarities and differences in Sb oxidation and sorption on birnessites with different properties. In this study, the behavior of Sb oxidation and sorption on two contrasting birnessites (δ-MnO2 and triclinic birnessite (TrBir)) were investigated via batch and kinetic experiments and various spectroscopic techniques. Our results showed that the reaction mechanisms between Sb and the two birnessites were similar. The edge sites of birnessites were responsible for Sb(III) oxidation. Mn(IV) was reduced to Mn(III) and Mn(II), bound with birnessites and released to the solution, respectively. Because of the rapid rate of electron transfer of adsorbed Sb(III) to birnessites, the only Sb species on δ-MnO2 after the oxidation reaction was Sb(V). Sb(V) was adsorbed at the edge sites of birnessites by replacing the OH group of birnessites, forming corner-sharing complexes with birnessites. However, the Sb sorption and oxidation capacities of the two birnessites were significantly different. Poorly-crystallized δ-MnO2 exhibited a much higher oxidation and sorption capacity than well-crystallized TrBir because the former had many more edge sites than the latter. This study reveals the general mechanism of the reaction between Sb and birnessite and indicates that birnessite with a high number of edge sites would exhibit a huge capacity in Sb oxidation and sorption.