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Linear and nonlinear partition of nonionic organic compounds into resin ADS-21 from water

Zhou, Chenkai, Qi, Long, Lin, Daohui, Yang, Kun
Environmental pollution 2019 v.247 pp. 277-284
adsorbents, adsorption, bioavailability, desorption, hydrogen bonding, hysteresis, nitrobenzenes, octanol, organic matter, phenol, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, solubility, sorption isotherms, surface area
The predominance of natural organic matter (NOM) in nonlinear sorption of nonionic organic compounds (NOCs) is a fundamental behavior that controlling the fate, transfer and bioavailability of NOCs in natural environment. There is a debate, i.e., whether the nonlinear sorption is captured by nonlinear partition mechanism or adsorption mechanism. The debate has been going on for decades because characteristics of nonlinear partition are still unknown due to the lack of an adsorbent that can partition NOCs nonlinearly. We find a resin ADS-21, with specific surface area undetectable (<0.5 m2 g−1) but high sorption capacity for NOCs (up to 1000 mg g−1 for phenol as an example), is an ideal adsorbent for examining characteristics of nonlinear partitioning. This resin has nonlinear isotherms for phenols and anilines but linear isotherms for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nitrobenzenes. The observed positively linear relationship of sorption capacities of NOCs with NOCs solubility in water or octanol, could be one of the characteristics of nonlinear partition. Moreover, competitive sorption and no desorption hysteresis could be observed for the nonlinear partition. Hydrogen-bonding of phenols and anilines with ADS-21 is responsible for nonlinear partition, competitive sorption and isotherm nonlinearity. These evidences would be supportive for understanding nonlinear partition and the nonlinear sorption of NOCs by NOM.