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Further analysis of rat myocardium contractility changes associated with a subchronic lead intoxication

Protsenko, Yuri L., Katsnelson, Boris A., Klinova, Svetlana V., Lookin, Oleg N., Balakin, Alexander A., Nikitina, Larisa V., Gerzen, Oksana P., Nabiev, Salavat R., Minigalieva, Ilzira A., Privalova, Larisa I., Gurvich, Vladimir B., Sutunkova, Marina P., Katsnelson, Leonid B.
Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.125 pp. 233-241
lead, lead acetate, males, muscles, myocardium, myosin, poisoning, rats
A moderate subchronic lead intoxication was observed in male rats after repeated intraperitoneal injections of lead acetate. Right ventricular trabeculae and papillary muscles were isolated for in vitro studying of the contraction-relaxation cycle under isotonic and physiological loading. The contractile function of the myocardium was also assessed by measuring the velocity of thin filament movement over myosin. Lead intoxication led in papillary muscles to a decrease in the maximal rate of isotonic shortening for all afterloads and a decrease in the thin filament sliding velocity. Papillary muscles from lead-exposed rats displayed marked changes in most of the main characteristics of afterload contraction-relaxation cycles, but in trabeculae these changes were less pronounced. The reported changes were attenuated to some extent in rats treated with a Ca-containing bioprotector. The amount of work produced by both types of heart muscle preparations was not changed by lead. Only in papillary muscles the load-dependent relaxation index was significantly increased in the lead-treated groups. Thus subchronic lead intoxication affects the peak rate of force development and relaxation properties of cardiac muscle contracting in isotonic/physiological regimes rather than the total amount of mechanical work, which may reflect adaptive changes in the myocardial function under decreased contractility.