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Inorganic arsenic induces pyroptosis and pancreatic β cells dysfunction through stimulating the IRE1α/TNF-α pathway and protective effect of taurine
- Pei, Pei, Yao, Xiaofeng, Jiang, Liping, Qiu, Tianming, Wang, Ningning, Yang, Lei, Gao, Ni, Wang, Zhidong, Yang, Guang, Liu, Xiaofang, Liu, Shuang, Jia, Xue, Tao, Ye, Wei, Sen, Sun, Xiance
- Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.125 pp. 392-402
- arsenic, arsenic oxide, drinking water, endoplasmic reticulum, inflammasomes, inflammation, islets of Langerhans, phosphorylation, protective effect, rats, risk factors, taurine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
- Low-level inorganic arsenic (iAs) in drinking water is a risk factor for β cells dysfunction. Taurine (Tau) is a kind of semi-essential β amino acid, and beneficial for β cell function. However, the effects of Tau on arsenic trioxide (As2O3) induced β cells dysfunction and related mechanisms are still uncertain. Here, we found that Tau relieved As2O3-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, inflammation and pyroptosis in rat pancreas. In INS-1 cells, with NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inhibitor pretreatment, As2O3-induced activation of pyroptosis was decreased; with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitor pretreatment, As2O3-induced activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis were decreased; further, with the inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha (IRE1α) inhibitor, As2O3-induced induction of TNF-α was decreased. Tau markedly protected As2O3-induced β cells dysfunction by reducing the phosphorylation of IRE1α, production of TNF-α, activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis. Our results revealed that ER stress dependent inflammation and pyroptosis are critical pathogenic components of As2O3-induced β cell dysfunction. Moreover, TNF-α was a critical signaling node that linked As2O3-induced ER stress and pyroptosis. Tau was an effective supplement against As2O3-induced β cells dysfunction through the pathway as mentioned above.