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Structure function relationships in three lipids A from the Ralstonia genus rising in obese patients

Zhang-Sun, Wei, Tercé, François, Burcelin, Remy, Novikov, Alexey, Serino, Matteo, Caroff, Martine
Biochimie 2019
Cupriavidus necator, Ralstonia mannitolilytica, Ralstonia pickettii, adipose tissue, animals, bacteria, blood, cross infection, fatty acids, genes, inflammation, interleukin-6, lipid A, metabolic diseases, moieties, patients, phosphates, transmission electron microscopy, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The identification of a functional molecular moiety relating the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) to their capacity to induce inflammation-mediated metabolic diseases needed to be performed. We previously described a proportional increase in the relative abundance of the 16 SrDNA bacterial gene from the genus Ralstonia, within the microbiota from the adipose tissue stroma vascular fraction of obese patients, suggesting a causal role of the bacteria. Therefore, we first characterized the structures of the lipids A, the inflammatory inducing moieties of LPSs, of three Ralstonia species: Ralstonia eutropha, R. mannitolilytica and R. pickettii, and then compared each, in terms of in vitro inflammatory capacities. R. pickettii lipid A displaying only 5 Fatty Acids (FA) was a weaker inducer of inflammation, compared to the two other species harboring hexa-acylated lipids A, despite the presence of 2 AraN substituents on the phosphate groups.With regard to in vitro pro-inflammatory activities, TNF-α and IL-6 inducing capacities were compared on THP-1 cells treated with LPSs isolated from the three Ralstonia. R. pickettii, with low inflammatory capacities, and recently involved in nosocomial outcomes, could explain the low inflammatory level reported in previous studies on diabetic patients and animals. In addition, transmission electron microscopy was performed on the three Ralstonia species. It showed that the R. pickettii under-acylated LPSs, with a higher level of phosphate substitution had the capacity of producing more outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). The latter could facilitate transfer of LPSs to the blood and explain the increased low-grade inflammation observed in obese/diabetic patients.