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Effects of low salinity exposure on immunological, physiological and growth performance in Litopenaeus vannamei

Esparza‐Leal, Héctor M., Ponce‐Palafox, Jesús T., Cervantes‐Cervantes, Carlos M., Valenzuela‐Quiñónez, Wenceslao, Luna‐González, Antonio, López‐Álvarez, Ely S., Vázquez‐Montoya, Nadia, López‐Espinoza, Mariel, Gómez‐Peraza, Rosa L.
Aquaculture research 2019 v.50 no.3 pp. 944-950
Litopenaeus vannamei, glucose, growth performance, hemocytes, immune system, pathogens, protein value, rearing, salinity, shrimp, stocking rate
Growth, immunological and physiological parameters of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei reared at different salinity levels (1, 10, 15, 25 and 35 g/L) at stocking density of 214 shrimp/m³ were examined at 1, 30 and 63 days. Results showed that the total haemocyte count (THC) of shrimp decreased with time at all salinity levels, indicating a potential reduction in the resistance of shrimp against pathogens, since a low value of THC indicates a perturbation of the immune system. Glucose and protein values observed in the haemolymph throughout the study indicate that shrimp adapted well to low salinities (1, 10 and 15 g/L). Although of those shrimp reared at 10 g/L only 83.3% survived, at this salinity, shrimp depicted a higher glucose concentration in haemolymph at the beginning and end of the study.