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Determinants of adoption of alternative response to foot and mouth disease: micro-level evidence of smallholder pastoralist in north East District, Botswana

Masole, Charity, Ayuya, Oscar Ingasia, Moreki, John Cassius
Tropical animal health and production 2019 v.51 no.2 pp. 373-382
arid lands, beef cattle, foot-and-mouth disease, grazing, livelihood, markets, opportunity costs, pastoralism, principal component analysis, regression analysis, Botswana
This paper examines factors influencing the adoption of alternative response to Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) among smallholder beef producers in the dry lands of Africa, specifically, North East district in Botswana. Principal component analysis was used to categorise FMD responses. Thereafter, a multivariate probit regression model was used to examine the effect of socioeconomic and institutional factors on the adoption of alternative responses to FMD. The study found that household size, opportunity cost incurred, frequency of contact with extension officers, training received on FMD, distance to the nearest market, as well as distance to grazing and water areas had a positive effect on the adoption of alternative responses to the outbreak. We conclude that although producers are aware of the detriments of FMD to their livelihoods, some still choose not to adopt the responses and socioeconomic and institutional characteristics play a role.