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Pharmacokinetics of pentoxifylline and its 5-hydroxyhexyl metabolite following intravenous administration in cattle

Uney, Kamil, Tras, Bunyamin, Corum, Orhan, Yildiz, Ramazan, Maden, Mehmet
Tropical animal health and production 2019 v.51 no.2 pp. 435-441
bilirubin, blood serum, cattle, half life, horses, humans, intravenous injection, metabolites, pentoxifylline, pharmacokinetics, phosphorus, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, salivation, therapeutics
This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of pentoxifylline (PTX) and its 5-hydroxyhexyl metabolite (M-I) after single-dose intravenous (IV) administration (10 mg/kg) of PTX in six healthy cattle. The safety of PTX was evaluated by clinical observation and biochemical analysis. Plasma concentrations of PTX and M-I were simultaneously determined by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Salivation and discomfort were observed for 2 h following the drug administration. Serum direct bilirubin, total bilirubin, and phosphorus levels at 24 h following the drug administration were significantly different from the control values (0 h) (P < 0.05). Pharmacokinetic variables of PTX were characterized by a short terminal elimination half-life (1.05 ± 0.19 h), a large volume of distribution (6.30 ± 1.76 L/kg), and high total body clearance (5.31 ± 1.27 L/h/kg). The mean ratio between the area under the concentration-time curves of M-I and PTX was 1.34. These results indicate that single-dose administration of PTX at 10 mg/kg IV in cattle resulted in therapeutic concentrations similar to those observed in humans and horse. However, further studies are necessary to determine the safety and pharmacokinetics following repeated administrations of PTX.