Main content area

Effects of corn particle size on nutrient utilization in pigs evaluated under optimal and heat stress conditions

Yun, Won, Song, Min Ho, Lee, Ji Hwan, Lee, Chang Hee, Oh, Seo Young, Kwak, Woo Gi, Kim, Doo Wan, Kim, Hyeun Bum, Cho, Jin Ho
Tropical animal health and production 2019 v.51 no.2 pp. 443-448
Duroc, barrows, body weight, cages, corn, crude fiber, crude protein, digestibility, energy, experimental diets, grinding, heat stress, landraces, nutrient utilization, particle size
The effects of corn particle size on nutrient digestibility and energy utilization in pigs were determined under optimal (experiment 1, 25 ± 1 °C) or heat stress (experiment 2, 37 ± 1 °C) conditions. In Exp. 1 and 2, five experimental diets were tested using a 5 × 5 Latin square design involving five barrows (Landrace × Yorkshire × Duroc, average initial body weight of 30 ± 1 kg and 45.0 ± 1.8 kg, respectively, in individual metabolic cages). Dietary treatments were as follows: 200-, 300-, 400-, 600-, 800-μm corn particle sizes obtained by mesh screens. Under optimal thermal conditions, digestibility of dry matter (DM) and crude fiber (CF) from 200-μm diet was higher (P < 0.05) compared to that from the 300-μm and 400-μm diets. The digestibility of crude protein (CP) and ether extract (EE) was the highest (P < 0.05) at the 200-μm particle size. The apparent total tract digestibility of energy was significantly higher (P < 0.05) on the 200-μm diet. Under heat stress, digestibility of CF when corn was ground to 600 μm was higher (P < 0.05) compared to 300 and 400 μm. Digestibility of NDF and ADF was the highest (P < 0.05) at 600-μm corn particle size. In conclusion, grinding corn to 200-μm corn particles had a positive effect on DM, CP, EE, and CF under optimal thermal condition, while the 600-μm corn particle size had positive effects on digestibility of CF, NDF, and ADF than 200-μm corn particle size under heat stress.