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The impact of background wastewater constituents on the selectivity and capacity of a hybrid ion exchange resin for phosphorus removal from wastewater

Muhammad, Ahsan, Soares, Ana, Jefferson, Bruce
Chemosphere 2019 v.224 pp. 494-501
anion exchange, ion exchange resins, mass transfer, nanoparticles, nitrates, phosphorus, sorption, sulfates, wastewater
Conventional sorption media are inefficient for phosphorus removal from wastewater due to preference for competing species such as sulphate, nitrate and organics. This work investigates whether the use of hybrid ion exchange resins effectively negates such concerns. Trials were conducted with a hybrid anion exchange (HAIX) media which was preloaded with different background constituents and operated over multiple regeneration cycles to ascertain the likely impacts. The work revealed that whilst the impact of the other constituents was seen in regards to direct competition, the major impact was on reduction of the rate of intraparticle mass transfer through sorption of the constituents onto the base resin thereby reducing the Donnan membrane effect. Comparison of the impact of the background water constituents on the individual components (hybrid resin, base resin, nanoparticles) revealed the importance of the nanoparticle whereby they effectively transform the ion exchange media into a mono component absorber for phosphorus that enables sustained removal even in complex wastewaters.