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Controlled release studies through chitosan-based hydrogel synthesized at different polymerization stages

Md Rasib, Siti Zalifah, Md Akil, Hazizan, Khan, Abbas, Abdul Hamid, Zuratul Ain
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.128 pp. 531-536
drugs, hydrogels, pH, polymerization, rifampicin, temperature
An earlier study showed that the behaviour of chitosan-poly(methacrylic acid‑co‑N‑isopropylacrylamide) [chitosan‑p(MAA‑co‑NIPAM)] hydrogels synthesized at different reaction times are affected with regard to their pH and temperature sensitivities. The study was continued in this paper to identify the effects of different reaction times on the degradation, efficiency of rifampicin (Rif) loading and the Rif release profile under two different pH conditions (acidic and basic). The results that were obtained showed that the hydrogel had a faster degradation rate in the acidic condition than in the basic condition, where there was a loss of approximately 50% and 20%, respectively in its original weight within two weeks. The Rif loading efficiency was within 50% and the drug release was controlled by characteristics that were developed beyond the polymerization stages of the synthesis. Therefore, the reaction time for the synthesis of the hydrogel can be considered as a way to control the behaviour of the hydrogel as well as to modify the drug release profile in the chitosan‑p(MAA‑co‑NIPAM) hydrogel.