Main content area

Emission inventory of carbonyl sulfide (COS) from primary anthropogenic sources in China

Yan, Yulong, Li, Rumei, Peng, Lin, Yang, Chao, Liu, Chenglong, Cao, Jingyuan, Yang, Fan, Li, Yinghui, Wu, Jing
Environmental pollution 2019 v.247 pp. 745-751
aluminum, anthropogenic activities, biomass, burning, carbonyl sulfide, combustion, confidence interval, emissions, inventories, pulp and paper industry, soot, sustainable development, titanium dioxide, uncertainty analysis, China
An emission inventory of carbonyl sulfide (COS) from primary anthropogenic sources in China was compiled from 2010 to 2015. The national total emission was estimated at 174 Gg S yr−1 in 2015, with an annually average sustainable growth rate of 7.2% from 2010 to 2015. Industrial sources, biomass burning, coal combustion, agricultural sources and vehicle exhaust contributed 68.2%, 22.0%, 6.1%, 2.2%, and 1.5%, respectively, of total COS emissions in 2015. Aluminum production, carbon black production, titania production, coke production, pulp and paper industry, were the main industrial sources of COS, with the emission about 118 Gg S yr−1 COS in 2015, accounting for 98.5% of total direct emissions from the Chinese industry. The distribution of COS emissions in China showed significant differences at the provincial level. In Shandong and Xinjiang province, they were much bigger than other provinces, with total emissions of 31 and 15 Gg S yr−1, respectively. Uncertainty analysis of COS emission inventories showed that the emission range was 70–267 Gg S yr−1 at a 95% confidence interval. In this study, COS emissions in China were much higher than prior underestimated estimations, even for Asian and global emissions, which could be resolved part of missing sources in the global COS budget.