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Elemental sulfur-based autotrophic denitrification and denitritation: microbially catalyzed sulfur hydrolysis and nitrogen conversions

Kostrytsia, Anastasiia, Papirio, Stefano, Frunzo, Luigi, Mattei, Maria Rosaria, Porca, Estefanía, Collins, Gavin, Lens, Piet N.L., Esposito, Giovanni
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.211 pp. 313-322
Helicobacteraceae, bioassays, biofilm, biomass, catalytic activity, denitrification, denitrifying bacteria, hydrolysis, models, nitrate nitrogen, nitrates, nitrites, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, solubilization, sulfur
The hydrolysis of elemental sulfur (S0) coupled to S0-based denitrification and denitritation was investigated in batch bioassays by microbiological and modeling approaches. In the denitrification experiments, the highest obtained NO3−-N removal rate was 20.9 mg/l·d. In the experiments with the biomass enriched on NO2−, a NO2−-N removal rate of 10.7 mg/l·d was achieved even at a NO2−-N concentration as high as 240 mg/l. The Helicobacteraceae family was only observed in the biofilm attached onto the chemically-synthesized S0 particles with a relative abundance up to 37.1%, suggesting it was the hydrolytic biomass capable of S0 solubilization in the novel surface-based model. S0-driven denitrification was modeled as a two-step process in order to explicitly account for the sequential reduction of NO3− to NO2− and then to N2 by denitrifying bacteria.